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March 1, 2017, Vol 171, No. 3, Pages 207-312

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):207. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3093
Viewpoint

E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young AdultsA Major Public Health Concern

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):209-210. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4662

This Viewpoint discusses the Office of the US Surgeon General’s Report “E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults.”

Improving Access to Evidence-Based Antipoverty Government Programs in the United StatesA Novel Primary Care Initiative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):211-212. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3868

This Viewpoint discusses ways in which the medical community can help low-income families by providing other services, namely free tax preparation, in primary care clinics.

Processed Food—An Experiment That Failed

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):212-214. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4136

This Viewpoint examines the adverse effects of the processed food industry on the United States.

In the Aftermath of the National Children’s StudyIs Large Birth Cohort Data Still a Priority?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):214-215. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3968

This Viewpoint discusses the ending of the National Children’s Study and the implications for the future of large birth cohort studies.

On My Mind

Reflections on a Prenatal Diagnosis of Trisomy 21 Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):216. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2810
Editorial

Folic Acid for the Prevention of Neural Tube DefectsThe US Preventive Services Task Force Statement on Folic Acid Supplementation in the Era of Mandatory Folic Acid Fortification

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):217-218. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4983

Prevention of Pediatric Abusive Head TraumaTime to Rethink Interventions and Reframe Messages

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):218-220. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4512

Neonatal Hemorrhagic Stroke

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):220-221. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4466

A Decade of Improvement in Neonatal Intensive CareHow Do We Continue the Momentum?

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):e164395. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4395
Original Investigation

Association of a Postnatal Parent Education Program for Abusive Head Trauma With Subsequent Pediatric Abusive Head Trauma Hospitalization Rates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):223-229. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4218

This study assesses the association of a Pennsylvania statewide educational program for parents of infants and young children with hospitalization rates for pediatric abusive head trauma compared with such hospitalization rates in 5 other states without this parental education program.

Clinical Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Outcomes Associated With Neonatal Hemorrhagic StrokeA Population-Based Case-Control Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):230-238. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4151

This population-based case-control study characterizes the incidence, types, presentations, associated factors, and outcomes of neonatal hemorrhagic stroke.

Association Between Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Vaccination in Pregnancy and Early Childhood Morbidity in Offspring

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):239-248. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4023

This cohort study evaluates whether influenza A(H1N1) vaccination in pregnancy is associated with early childhood morbidity in offspring.

Association Between Early Lactate Levels and 30-Day Mortality in Clinically Suspected Sepsis in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):249-255. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3681

This observational cohort study assesses the association of early serum lacate levels with 30-day mortality in children seen in the emergency department with suspected sepsis.

Development of a Gestational Age–Specific Case Definition for Neonatal Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):256-263. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3633

This population study aims to develop a gestational age–specific case definition for necrotizing enterocolitis.

Effects of Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping vs Early Clamping on Anemia in Infants at 8 and 12 MonthsA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):264-270. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3971

This randomized clinical trial investigates the effects of delayed vs early umbilical cord clamping on hemoglobin and ferritin levels among infants at high risk for iron-deficiency anemia at 8 and 12 months of age.

Revisiting the Definition of Bronchopulmonary DysplasiaEffect of Changing Panoply of Respiratory Support for Preterm Neonates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):271-279. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4141

This cohort study identifies the optimal definition of bronchopulmonary dysplasia that is associated with the most optimal prediction of respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants

Comparative Effectiveness of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Treatment vs No Treatment for Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Preterm Infants

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):e164354. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4354

This cohort study examines the effectiveness of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug treatment for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants.

Variation in Performance of Neonatal Intensive Care Units in the United States

Abstract Full Text
online only has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):e164396. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4396

This study determines the proportion of neonatal intensive care units in 2014 that achieved rates for death and major morbidities as low as the shrunken adjusted rates from the best quartile and decile in 2005 and the time it took to achieve those rates.

Review

Musculoskeletal Low Back Pain in School-aged ChildrenA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):280-287. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3334

This review provides an overview of the epidemiologic and pathophysiological factors, differential diagnosis, evaluation, and management of low back pain in school-aged children.

Characterizing the Pattern of Anomalies in Congenital Zika Syndrome for Pediatric Clinicians

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):288-295. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3982

This literature review of clinical findings associated with presumed or laboratory-confirmed congenital Zika syndrome aims to provide pediatric clinicians with a recognizable phenotype of the syndrome, allowing them to provide appropriate evaluation and care.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

Teenager With Hip Pain and Limp

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):297-298. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3162

A 13-year-old girl presented to an emergency department with bilateral hip pain for several months and acute worsening with left-sided limp following a school field trip to a large museum. She stated that her pain worsened with walking and was minimally relieved with salicylic acid. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Limited and Variable Use of Antivirals for Children Hospitalized With Influenza

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):299-301. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3484

This study reports on the patterns of antiviral use among hospitalized children with influenza, including those with high-risk conditions.

Comment & Response

Targeting Staphylococcus aureus in Pediatric Surviving Sepsis Bundles

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):301. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4675

Targeting Staphylococcus aureus in Pediatric Surviving Sepsis Bundles—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):301-302. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4689

The Importance of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):302-303. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4786

The Importance of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):303. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4789

The Importance of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):303-304. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4792

The Importance of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):304. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4802

The Importance of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):304-305. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4823

The Importance of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):305. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4826

The Importance of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):305-306. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4795
Correction

Correction of a Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):306. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0158
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Low Back Pain in Children and Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):312. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3091
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(3):208. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3094
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